The long coastline of India forms one of the biggest pieces of land into a body of water. There are total 11 major sea ports of India.
1. Kandla Port- Gujarat
Gujarat host the main seaport of west coast, The Kandla Port is situated on the Gulf of Kutch near the Gandhi ham city in Kutch District of Gujarat. The Port of Kandla is the first special economic zone in India as well as in Asia, Kandla Port is centre for major imports like petroleum, chemicals and iron also export grains, salt and textiles.
2. Nhava Sheva- Maharashtra
Nhava Sheva now known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India, positioned at the mainland of Konkan area across the Navi Mumbai Maharashtra. The major exports are textiles, carpets, boneless meat and main imports are machinery, vegetable oils and chemicals.
3. Mumbai Port
The Mumbai Port is located in the mainland of west Mumbai on the West coast of India with natural deep-water harbor. Mumbai Port is the largest port in India and handles bulk cargo traffic with its four jetties for handling Liquid chemicals, Crude and petroleum products.
4. Marmagao Port- Goa
The main port of Goa, Marmagao port is best natural harbors of India located in South Goa. Marmagao port is one of the leading iron ores exporter port in India and raw materials too. The port of Marmago is one of the major attractions of Goa.
5. Panambur Port- Karnataka
Panambur Port known as the New Mangalore Port is a seaport located near to Surathkal railway station in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka. New Mangalore Port is a deep water all weather port and the only major port of Karnataka and one of the largest port in India. There is a beautiful beach at south of sea port of Panambur along with the shore of the Arabian Sea.
6. Cochin Port- Kerala
The Cochin port is one of the largest port in India and the major port on the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean sea route. The port of Cochin lies on two islands of Willington and Vallarpadam and the largest container transshipment facility in India. Kochi city is famous for its traditional spices and well known as the port city of Fort Kochi during the European colonials.
7.Port Blair- Andaman
Port Blair is the capital city of Andaman Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India located at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. Port Blair is the youngest sea port in India and one of the 12 major ports of the country. The only port of Andaman Islands are connected to mainland of India through flight and ship. Port Blair is the principal hub for shipping in the islands of Andaman and the one of the most popular tourist destination with several places of interest around like virgin beaches, scuba diving and water sports.
8. Tuticorin Port- Tamil Nadu
Tuticorin Port is deep-sea harbor and one of the 12 major ports of India. It is also the second largest port in Tamil Nadu first is Chennai Port and one of the largest container terminals in India. Port of Tuticorin is a used to be best port for maritime trade and pearl fishery on the bay of Bengal. The port city is also known as Pearl City and is one of the beautiful sea gateways of India from Tamil Nadu state.
9. Chennai Port
Madras Port is the one of the oldest port of India and the second largest port in the country. Chennai Port also the largest port in the Bay of Bengal and a centre port for cars, big containers and cargo traffic in the east coast of India. Chennai Port terminals have lighthouses around, Intra port connectivity, Pipelines and railway terminus.
10. Vizag Port- Andhra Pradesh
The port city Visakhapatnam is located on the southeast coast of India in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatnam or Vizag has one of the India’s largest seaports and the oldest shipyard of country. The Visakhapatnam harbors are the only Natural harbors in the Bay of Bengal shore. Vizag is second largest city in Andhra, nestled among the great hills of Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal.
11. Haldia port- West Bengal
Haldia port or Calcutta Port is a major seaport situated near the Hooghly River in the state of West Bengal. Port of Haldia is one of the major trade centers for Calcutta and receives bulk cargoes of Chemicals, Petrochemicals and oils. Port of Kolkata is also a base of Indian Coast Guard.